Eczema is a health condition that results in itchy, red, and inflamed skin. During a significant flare-up, this irritation can even result in tiny bumps filled with fluid that may burst and ooze, causing pain. Doctors do not know what causes eczema, and there is no cure, but there are methods to manage and treat the symptoms.
Combating Dry Skin
Dry skin directly relates to the intensity of an eczema outbreak. An eczema patient needs to reduce skin dryness as much as possible. To do this, establish a bathing routine because too much bathing often leads to dry skin. Most people with eczema should avoid bathing daily. Additionally, a short bath or shower followed by a moisturizer can deliver more moisture to the epidermis than skipping a bath or shower. Eczema patients should avoid using harsh soaps and chemicals, rough washcloths, and scrubbers. It’s also helpful to apply a rich moisturizer immediately after bathing to lock in moisture.
Choosing a Moisturizer
A dermatologist should recommend a safe and effective moisturizer based on each patient’s skin type. Eczema patients usually benefit from moisturizers with high oil content. Avoid products with added preservatives, fragrances, and dyes. If the moisturizer stings the skin, switch to a different product to find one that does not cause discomfort.
Things to Avoid
Some eczema patients experience flare-ups because of dietary sensitivities. Usually, eczema becomes itchy and whelps within 30 minutes of eating the specific food. Common foods to consider eliminating from a diet include dairy, soy, eggs, nuts, and wheat. However, for children less than one-year-old, a restrictive diet can be harmful, so notify your pediatrician of any changes. Laundry detergent could also leave behind an irritating residue on clothing that aggravates eczema, so patients should choose hypoallergenic detergents and soaps.
A dermatologist can also provide other treatment options such as steroid ointments to control flare-ups. With attention and care, most patients experience relief from discomfort caused by eczema.