Redness and pigmentation are common skin conditions that affect people of all ages and skin types. There is typically not one specific “cure” for any form of pigmentation but it can be effectively managed with the right skincare regimen prescribed by a board-certified dermatologist.
Hyperpigmentation is a broad term meaning “excess pigment.” Patients with hyperpigmentation may experience varying forms and severity of hyperpigmentation but all will notice patches of discolored, darker skin in comparison to the surrounding area.
This condition is typically harmless and is brought on by hormonal or environmental causes, like UV exposure. Because of this, the best forms of prevention are sun protection, exfoliation, and in-office cosmetic procedures.
Melasma is a pigmentary disorder that appears as a group of freckles or larger brown patches on the forehead, upper lip, cheeks, and nose. There are no other physical symptoms besides a change in appearance. This discoloration is most frequently caused by sun exposure but can also be brought on by hormonal changes during pregnancy.
The best defense against melasma is sunscreen! Retinol use and scheduling regularly scheduled chemical peels will also help to fade dark spots.
Rosacea affects over 16 million Americans and is more common among those with fair skin over the age of thirty. It is typically characterized by redness on the forehead, nose, chin, and cheeks. It can often lead to acne breakouts or visible blood vessels on the face and can cause sensitivity and discomfort.
Dermatologists can help manage rosacea by recommending gentle skincare products, laser therapy, or prescribing oral or topical medications.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition that causes patches of the skin to become completely void of any pigment, appearing bright white in appearance. It can impact any part of the body, even hair color, and commonly starts to develop around age twenty.
Although pigmentation may seem like a purely cosmetic issue, vitiligo can lead to severe sunburns, autoimmune diseases, and hearing loss, so it is important to monitor its impact through regular dermatology visits!
Tinea versicolor is a fungal infection of the skin caused by an overgrowth of yeast, which is always present on our skin. This excess yeast leads to spots of discoloration that can appear darker or lighter than the surrounding skin. In some cases, these spots can become dry and itchy.
Our doctors most commonly treat tinea versicolor with medicated cleansers or creams and can also prescribe anti-fungal pills to care for the infection.