The Basics of Scar Formation and Discoloration

The Basics of Scar Formation and Discoloration

As a natural result of the body’s healing process, scarring can occur after any kind of wound, whether from an injury, surgery, or a skin condition. Scars come in many shapes, sizes, textures, and colors, with some being more noticeable and prominent than others. Here’s a look at how scars form on the skin and why they can sometimes appear so dark.

How Do Scars Form?

When the deepest layer of the skin, the dermis, is damaged, the body sends collagen and melanin to the affected area as part of the healing process. Collagen is the main protein found in human cartilage, bones, tendons, and skin, and melanin is the pigment that gives a person’s skin, hair, and eyes their color. This influx of varying levels of new collagen and melanin is what causes scars to form, and it determines whether scars appear raised, differently colored, or unusually textured.

What Causes Darker Scars?

Sometimes during the scarring process, the body’s cellular process is changed by a chemical response called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. An excess of melanin moves to the injured area to speed up healing, and as a result, the surface skin becomes discolored, particularly around the edges of the original wound. Discoloration can occur in many different forms and levels of intensity, and colors can include shades of brown, gray, black, or red.

Reducing the Appearance of Scars

The effects of scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are purely cosmetic; generally, no pain or discomfort is associated with scarring. Nevertheless, some people choose to seek cosmetic treatment to reduce the appearance of scars after injury, skin conditions such as acne, or surgery. Treatment options include laser resurfacing, microneedling, and topical treatments.

While scarring is unlikely to result in any discomfort or complications, its appearance can be reduced with the help of cosmetic treatments. At The Dermatology Clinic in Baton Rouge, we offer several scarring reduction treatments as part of our wide range of cosmetic services. Schedule an appointment today by calling (225) 351-0622.

COMMENTS (8)
Reply

I have a scar from an accident and it’s been 2 years and it’s still discoloured. It is darker than my skin

    Reply

    One of our board certified dermatologists can help prescribe treatment for your scar. Please call our office to schedule an appointment. 225-769-7546

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What’s wrong with the skin which gets dark scars from insect bites. The skin also gets inflamed with insect bites and eventhough it has no wound from bites, the skin still gets discoloration leaving dark spots/scar in the bitten area. She gets mosquito bites everyday and this gives her a lot of spots of dark scars.

    Reply

    When the skin gets inflamed, regardless of the cause, the cells in our skin that are responsible for skin color can be damaged which can lead to hyperpigmentation, or darkening of the skin. This process is more common in darker skin tones but can happen to anyone. Early treatment of the inflammatory condition, whether it is acne, bug bites or a rash can help prevent this hyperpigmentation and a broad spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF 30 can prevent it from getting worse once it’s present. As always, we recommend you come see one of our board certified dermatologists to diagnose and treat your specific skin condition.

Reply

I got a cut on my cheek and then got 3 staple stiches there .Now the cut has healed but red scar is forming there .Its been 2 months of injury .I am using kojic acid and vitamin c cream from 11 days but no effect on it .Please suggest some thing so i can reduce redness of scar .

    Reply

    In general, redness from scars is difficult to treat with topical creams. Redness is always the last part of the scar to improve and can take up to one year. BBL (Broad Band Light) treatments can speed up the process.
    While the scar is red, it is very important to protect it from sun exposure. Make sure to wear a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and reapply every two hours.
    Silicone gel sheets also help while scars are healing.
    If your scarring isn’t improving or begins to have textural issues, schedule an appointment with one of our board certified dermatologists to see what else can be done to improve the scar.

Reply

I have this datlrk spots on my legs for years and I have been wanting to clear them I have used a lot of products and didn’t work so please any recommendations will help

    Reply

    There are many causes of dark spots. Some normal variants include moles, sun spots and even frustrating seborrheic keratoses. However, the number 1 location of melanoma in women is the legs. It is important to have your skin checked by a board certified dermatologist before beginning a skin care regimen.

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